a Vision for the Greater Paris
Future research about the making of the Great Paris in 2030

An experimental project developed by LIID, attached to Institute ACTE (Sorbonne University),
awarded the Paris 2030 research grant (City of Paris)
in collaboration with Paris College of Art and emerging actors of the creative metropolis.
« Paris Galaxies in Perspective » (aesthetic audit), Spring 2014


Since 2003, LIID has developed different experimental methods of aesthetic audit as ways of creating “conceptual portraits” of organizations (companies, cities, university, research labs, etc.), and showing their multidimensional and live realities, while highlighting their future creative potentials and limits. Halfway between critical and strategic analysis, and prospective and creative intuition, LIID invents original methods for each context.
In the extremely vast and rich case of the Greater Paris area, LIID has been using the theoretical, poetic and methodological metaphor of the urban galaxy, an intricate entanglement of tangible and intangible constellations, to apprehend the full complexity of a “world city”.
This method addresses various theories and concepts such as Global Cities (Sassen), Creative Cities (Florida, Landry), Knowledge Cities (Carrillo), or Smart Cities, including their sustainable development, while introducing a more speculative dimension.
See the introduction of “Paris Galaxies in Perspective, aesthetic audit critical report”, presented at the 3rd International Conference for Cultural and Creative Industries, Antwerp University, in May 2014, and published in « Beyond Frames: Dynamics between the creative industries, knowledge Institutions and the urban context », Annick Schramme, René Kooyman, Giep Hagoort (eds.), Eburon Academic Publishers:

Echoing researches on Urban Constellation (Gandy), and the oligoptic approach of Plasma Cities (Latour), LIID has chosen to focus on the Greater Paris creative constellation as a key network of expression of the urban culture and imaginary (in a broad sense), and as possible pivots of future transformation.
See the Inquiry on the constellation of the 300 creative hotspots of the Greater Paris (all outside Paris)


Thanks to this inquiry, enriched with various academic, institutional and prospective studies (see article bibliography), the LIID has highlighted in its audit, 5 key vectors of future development based on typologies of bottom-up practices, actively contributing to the Greater Paris emergence as a unified and inclusive metropolis.

To get the article “Paris Galaxies in Perspective” in French or in English, please contact the LIID at

Download the “Beyond Frame” conference program: